Scientific Studies and Publications

Equine Tendon is founded and run by equine veterinary professionals and as such the concept and approach to equine sport management employed takes a scientific approach. This approach brings together different branches of veterinary and sports science to help you manage your equine athlete.

This list represents some of the scientific studies undertaken with regard to the techniques and modalities commonly employed at Equine Tendon.

Fundamental studies regarding Ultrasound Tendon Characterisation

 

  • van Schie HT, Bakker EM and van Weeren PR. Ultrasonographic evaluation of equine tendons: a quantitative in vitro study of the effects of amplifier gain level, transducer-tilt, and transducer-displacement. Vet Radiology Ultrasound 1999; 40(2): 151-160. PMID: 10225527
  • van Schie HT, Bakker EM, Jonker AM and van Weeren PR. Ultrasonographic tissue characterization of equine superficial digital flexor tendons by means of gray level statistics. Am J Vet Res 2000; 61(2): 210-219. PMID: 10685695
  • van Schie HT and Bakker EM. Structure-related echoes in ultrasonographic images of equine superficial digital flexor tendons. Am J Vet Res 2000; 61(2): 202-209. PMID: 10685694
  • van Schie HT, Bakker EM, Jonker AM and van Weeren PR. Efficacy of computerized discrimination between structure-related and non-structure-related echoes in ultrasonographic images for the quantitative evaluation of the structural integrity of superficial digital flexor tendons in horses. Am J Vet Res 2001; 62(7): 1159-1166. PMID: 11453496
  • van Schie HT, Bakker EM, Jonker AM and van Weeren PR. Computerized ultrasonographic tissue characterization of equine superficial digital flexor tendons by means of stability quantification of echo patterns in contiguous transverse ultrasonographic images. Am J Vet Res 2003; 64(3): 366-375. PMID: 12661879
  • van Schie HT, Bakker EM, Cherdchutham W, Jonker AM, van de Lest CH and van Weeren PR. Monitoring of the repair process of surgically created lesions in equine superficial digital flexor tendons by use of computerized ultrasonography. Am J Vet Res 2009; 70(1): 37-48. PMID: 19119947

 

Publications about UTC imaging® in Equine Scientific Research and its Clinical Applications

 

  • van Schie HT, Bakker EM, Cherdchutham W, Jonker AM, van de Lest CH, van Weeren PR. Monitoring of the repair process of surgically created lesions in equine superficial digital flexor tendons by use of computerized ultrasonography. Am J Vet Res. 2009; 70(1): 37-48. PMID: 19119947
  • Bosch G, van Weeren PR, Barneveld A and van Schie HT. Computerised analysis of standardised ultrasonographic images to monitor the repair of surgically created core lesions in equine superficial digital flexor tendons following treatment with intratendinous platelet rich plasma or placebo. Vet J 2011; 187(1): 92-98. PMID: 19932036
  • David F, Cadby J, Bosch G, Brama P, van Weeren R, van Schie HT. Short-term cast immobilisation is effective in reducing lesion propagation in a surgical model of equine superficial digital flexor tendon injury. Equine Vet J. 2012 Sep;44(5):570-575. PMID: 22136807
  • Docking SI, Daffy J, van Schie HT, Cook JL. Tendon structure changes after maximal exercise in the Thoroughbred horse: use of ultrasound tissue characterisation to detect in vivo tendon response. Vet J. 2012 Dec;194(3):338-342. PMID: 22658820
  • Cadby JA, David F, van de Lest C, Bosch G, van Weeren PR, Snedeker JG, van Schie HT. Further characterisation of an experimental model of tendinopathy in the horse. Equine Vet J. 2013 Sep;45(5):642-648. PMID: 23448172
  • Geburek F, Gaus M, van Schie HT, Rohn K, Stadler PM. Effect of intralesional platelet-rich plasma (PRP) treatment on clinical and ultrasonographic parameters in equine naturally occurring superficial digital flexor tendinopathies – a randomized prospective controlled clinical trial. BMC Vet Res. 2016 Sep 7;12(1):191. PMID: 27604193   FREE ACCESS
  • Geburek F, Roggel F, van Schie HTM, Beineke A, Estrada R, Weber K, Hellige M, Rohn K, Jagodzinski M, Welke B, Hurschler C, Conrad S, Skutella T, van de Lest C, van Weeren R, Stadler PM. Effect of single intralesional treatment of surgically induced equine superficial digital flexor tendon core lesions with adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal cells: a controlled experimental trial. Stem Cell Res Ther. 2017 Jun 5;8(1):129. PMID: 28583184   FREE ACCESS
  • Plevin, J. McLellan, H. van Schie, T. Parkin. Ultrasound tissue characterisation of the superficial digital flexor tendons in juvenile Thoroughbred racehorses during early race training Equine Veterinary Journal. First published: 20 August 2018 https://doi.org/10.1111/evj.13006

 

 

Publications regarding Equestride

 

Smith, R.K.W., McGuigan, M.P., Hyde, J.T., Daly, A.S.G., Pardoe, C.H., Lock, A.N., and Wilson, A.M. (2002) In vitro evaluation of non-rigid support systems for the equine metacarpophalangeal joint. Equine vet J., 34, 726-31.

 

Publications regarding Shockwave treatment

Muscles Ligaments Tendons J. 2012 Jan-Mar; 2(1): 33–37.

Published online 2012 Jun 17.

PMCID: PMC3666498

PMID: 23738271

Angela Notarnicola and Biagio Moretti

 

Radial Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy for Chronic Insertion Desmopathy of the

Proximal Suspensory Ligament

  1. J. Boening, Dr. Med. Vet.; S. Lo ̈ ffeld, DVM; K. Weitkamp, Dr. Med. Vet.; and S. Matuschek, Dipl. Biol.

 

 

Publications regarding Thermal imaging

 

  1. Turner TA, Pansch J, Wilson JH. Thermographic assessment of racing thoroughbreds. 47th Annu Conv Am Assoc Equine Prac. 2001;47:344–346.

 

Denoix JM. Diagnostic techniques for identification and documentation of tendon and ligament injuries. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 1994;10:365–407. [PubMed]

 

Marr CM. Microwave thermography: a non-invasive technique for investigation of injury of the superficial digital flexor tendon in the horse. Equine Vet J 1992;24:269–273. [PubMed]

 

Purohit RC, McCoy MD. Thermography in the diagnosis of inflammatory processes in the horse. Am J Vet Res 1980;41:1167–1174. [PubMed]

Vaden MF, Purohit RC, McCoy MD, Vaughan JT. Thermography: a technique for subclinical diagnosis of osteoarthritis. Am J Vet Res 1980;41:1175–1179. [PubMed]

 

Turner TA. Thermography as an aid to the clinical lameness evaluation. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 1991;7:311–338. [PubMed]

 

Mogg KC, Pollitt CC. Hoof and distal limb surface temperature in the normal pony under constant and changing ambient temperatures. Equine Vet J 1992;24:134–139. [PubMed]

 

Von Schweinitz DG. Thermographic diagnostics in equine back pain. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 1999;15:161–177. [PubMed]

 

Publications regarding Compex

 

 

 

 

Publications regarding Arc Equine

 

A novel bioelectric device enhances wound healing: An equine case series
Varhus, J.D., 2014.

Journal of Equine Veterinary Science, 34(3), pp.421-430.

 

Electrical stimulation technologies for wound healing

Kloth, L.C., 2014.

Advances in wound care, 3(2), pp.81-90.

 

Harnessing the electric spark of life to cure skin wounds

Martin-Granados, C. and McCaig, C.D., 2014.

Advances in wound care, 3(2), pp.127-138.

 

The electrical response to injury: molecular mechanisms and wound healing

Reid, B. and Zhao, M., 2014.

Advances in wound care, 3(2), pp.184-201.

 

Review of electrotherapy devices for use in veterinary medicine

Schils, s.J., 2009.

55th Annual Convention of the American Association of Equine Practitioners, Vol. 55, pp.68-73.

 

Bioelectricity and microcurrent therapy for tissue healing-a narrative review

Poltawski, L. and Watson, T., 2009.

Physical Therapy Reviews, 14(2), pp.104-114.

 

How Microcurrent Stimulation Produces ATP – One Mechanism

Bailey, S., 1999.

Dynamic Chiropractic, 17(18), p.6.